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Abstract

A COMPREHENSIVE STUDY OF VATRAKTA W.S.R- “GOUTY ARTHRITIS”

Dr. Manoj Kumar*, Dr. Vijay Chaudhary and Dr. Anjana Mishra

Abstract

Vatarakta is a disease which is encountered in the population leading to a sedentary lifestyle. The change in lifestyle is the main cause of many diseases, Vatrakta being one of these. Vatarakta is the major example of Vata Vyadhi, caused due to Avarana pathology. Vata Dosha is considered the most important and its vitiation is considered the most dreadful. Rakta is an important constituent of our body. It represents blood and associated metabolic products. Sushruta has considered Rakta as a fourth Dosha. Rakta Dhatu originates from the Rasa Dhatu and it nourishes all of the later Dhatus like Mams, Medas etc. The pathology of Utthana Vatarakta takes place owing to the Margavarana pathology; the occurrence of Vatarakta is only possible when the customary Gati of the Vata is hindered by the morbid Rakta Dhatu. Based on the causes, signs and symptoms, Vatarakta may be correlated to gouty arthritis in modern medicine. Gout is an abnormality of purine metabolism that causes hyperuricemia and deposition of monosodium urate crystal. Its prevalence has increased across the globe. 2.1 million people are affected with gout worldwide. In India, it has been reported that the prevalence of gout is 2-6 per 1000. It is a potential signal for unrecognized co- morbidities like obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and renal diseases. Management of vatarakta is a challenge as it is a disease of severe morbidity, chronicity and incurable to certain extent with associated complications. With certain life style modifications like low protein diet etc. and certain ayurveda modalities viz. Shodhana and Shamana chikitsa it can be cure and prevented.

Keywords: Vatarakta, Avarana, utthana vatarakta, gouty arthritis.


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