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Abstract

IMPORTANCE OF DASHVIDHA ATUR PARIKSHA IN CLINICAL PRACTICE

Sangeeta Kumari*, Deepti Parashar, Vinayak Joshi and Ved Prakash

Abstract

Disease is a reflection of abnormalities in the normal anatomical, physiological and psychological aspects of the body. Treatment is aimed at restoring the normality. Before application of medication, a well-organized examination of the patient and the disease should be carried out, to make an accurate diagnosis and to plan the suitable treatment. Examination plays a vital role in diagnosis of a disease. Accurate diagnosis forms the basis for the treatment. Proper examination of both the patient and the disease is very important in clinical practice. In Ayurveda, the word Pareeksha is used for examination. Although, Ayurveda is an ancient medical science, yet the art of examination was well developed at that time. Several types of pareeksha are available in Ayurvedic classical texts which include Dashavidha pareeksha, Ashtasthana pareeksha, Shadvidha pareeksha, Panchvidha pareeksha, Trividha pareeksha etc. Dashavidha pareeksha which comes under the Rogi pariksha includes examination of Prakruti (Body constituent), Vikruti (Pathology), Saar (Essence), Sanhanan (Body proportion), Praman (Measurement), Satmya (Compatibility), Satva (Mental strength), Ahar Shakti (Appetite), Vyayam Shakti (exercise capacity test) and Vaya (Age). Among these dashavidha pareeksha except vikriti pareeksha is to be done to understand the overall condition of the patient Vikriti pareeksha is to be done to explore the factors which are responsible for the pathogenesis of the diseases.

Keywords: Examination, Pareeksha, Rogibala, Dashavidhapareeksha.


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