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Abstract

DEGRADATION OF CELLULOSE CONTAINING EFFLUENT BY TRICHODERMA

Dr. Nayab Ansari*

Abstract

Water pollution due to paper and pulp industry is becoming more and more hazardous, the industrial effluent contains cellulose which is depositing in the water bodies currently there are two pathways for converting cellulose into glucose they are, chemical verses enzymatic. Trichoderma a fungus produces an enzyme cellulase complex which can hydrolyse cellulose to glucose thus reducing the water pollution to some extent. In the present investigations the purified cellulase enzyme complex was immobilized and used also the enzymatic degradation was compared with the chemical degradation. It was found that enzymatic degradation was more efficient and the enzyme retained its efficiency till 72 hours and then declined. Thus cellulose a major pollutant can be converted to glucose which can be used as an energy source.

Keywords: Degradation, cellulose, effluent, Trichoderma.


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