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Abstract

CONCEPTUAL REVIEW OF NIDAN PANCHAK AND ITS DIAGNOSTIC APPROACH IN AYURVEDA

*Dr. Rashmi Pandey

Abstract

In Ayurveda there are many ways of diagnosing disease in which Nidan Panchak is a most important tool for diagnosis of disease.In Ayurveda the diagnostic approach is of two types Rogi Pariksha and Rog parisksha. Among them Roga Pariksha gives us the complete knowledge about a disease starting from the Etiological factors to the actual manifestation of disease. In Ayurveda there are five means of diagnosis i.e. Nidana Panchak which is as follows, Nidana (cause), Purvarupa, Roopa, Upashaya and Samprapti (Pathogenesis) which are included under 'Roga Pariksha'. The diagnosis of disease in Ayurveda is done by the Prakriti of the patient. Knowledge of Nidana Panchak is not only for diagnosis of disease it also gives information about prognosis, treatment and differential diagnosis of the disease. Each component of Nidana Panchak helps the Vaidya for better Understanding of disease and treatment. A proper diagnosis forms the base for appropriate line of treatment whereas, ignorance of disease or improper diagnosis leads to many complications. In Ayurveda, there are many techniques for the diagnosis of the disease, they are - 'Trividha Pariksha, Shadvidha Pariksha, Ashtvidha Pariksha, Dashvidha Pariksha, Nadi pariksha, etc. In this article we will discuss about the Conceptual review of nidan panchak and its diagnostic approach in Ayurveda.

Keywords: Ayurveda, Ayurvedic diagnostic tools, Rogi Pariksha, Nidan, Purvaroopa, Roopa, Upshaya, Samprapti.


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