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Abstract

A REVIEW ON DIABETES MELLITUS

Shahbaz Ahmad*, Pritt Verma, Amresh Gupta, Amit K. Srivastava and Rohit Mohan

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM), generally known as diabetes, is a set of metabolic disease characterised by persistently high blood sugar levels. The signs of elevated blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. Diabetes mellitus is divided into three types: Type 1 diabetes is caused by the body's inability to produce enough insulin. Previously, this condition was known as "insulindependent diabetes mellitus" (IDDM) or "juvenile diabetes." The reason behind this is unknown. Insulin resistance is the first symptom of Type 2 diabetes. The reason behind this is unknown. Insulin resistance, a disease in which cells do not respond appropriately to insulin, is the starting point for type 2 diabetes. A shortage of insulin may occur as the condition advances. Previously, this condition was known as "non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (NIDDM) or "adult-onset diabetes." Excessive body weight and a lack of exercise are the key causes. The third type of diabetes is gestational diabetes, which happens when a pregnant woman without a history of diabetes has a high blood glucose level. A good diet, physical activity, not smoking, and maintaining a normal body weight are all part of the prevention and therapy process. Controlling blood pressure and taking care of one's feet are also vital for those who have the disease. Insulin injections are required to manage type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be managed with or without the use of insulin. Low blood sugar can be caused by insulin and some oral medicines.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Diagnosis, Cause and Treatment.


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