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Abstract

A REVIEW ARTICLE ON AYURVEDIC PERSPECTIVE OF NANO SCIENCE W.S.R TO BHASAM

Sangita Jagotra* and Shivam Shukla

Abstract

Adequate literature of Ras-shastra is available regarding various formulations. These formulations includes various metal and mineral based drugs. Earlier Acharyas had mentioned mostly about plant based drugs in their Samhitas. Later on Ras-shastra got evolved and introduces the mineral based drugs. Though Ras-shastra was not invented for metallurgy purpose. Its ultimate goal was to attain long life and liberation through dehveda. As the time changed, a revolution took place when the era of minerals and metal based medicines came in light. In this era the therapeutic uses of these drugs pop out like a shining star. On other hand, Nano technology is well established and effective technology of 21st century.[1] According to Ayurveda, Bhasam form is consider under nano science. When the nano particles of Bhasam underwent analytical study it falls under category of nano technology. Therapeutically the use of nano particles of mineral and metallic compounds has become common in practice. It is due to its high efficacy, lesser dose and more potency. The size of nano particles is usually between 1-100nm. As per Ayurveda, metals and minerals cannot be taken in its raw form. Therefore proper procedure is followed to obtain small size material with particular dimension. This process include – Shodhan, Maran, some time amritikaran also etc. These are the sanskars which are done to change the properties of drug, conversion of lower metal into higher metallic state and eliminates the toxic nature of drug. These sanskar plays an important role in the preparation of Bhasam. The benefit of Bhasam in the form of nano medicine is unstoppable. Ayurvedic Bhasam have strong therapeutic relevance and can serve as an excellent development of nano medicine.

Keywords: Ras-Shastra, Dehveda, Nano Technology, Bhasam, Shodhan, Maran, Amritikaran and Sanskars.


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