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Abstract

ROLE OF AMA IN THE PATHOGENESIS & MANAGEMENT OF DISEASES: A REVIEW

Dr. Meenu*, Dr. Ajai Kumar Pandey, Dr. Krishana Bihari and Dr. Pankaj

Abstract

Ayurveda has its own nosological system but not similar to conventional biomedical sciences. Ayurveda does not emphasize on naming of the disease but it laid down wider aspects of pathogenesis of diseases. In Ayurveda equilibrium state of Dosha, Dhatu, Mala and Agni along with pleasant state of mind, spirit and senses; are considered as healthy state of an individual. The Tridosha construct the body and serve to maintain it in a dynamic state of health. However, when these vital forces are aggravated due to improper gross or subtle factors, the body-mind connection begins to suffer and the disease process begins. Disease is a description in the process of condition in which body metabolism interrupt and unable to perform natural tissue (Dhatu) transformation due to impaired functioning different sets of Agnis (bio-fire). The causative factors hampering the functioning of Tridosha, which directly or indirectly weaken the Agnis and it leads to the formation of Ama like reactive species in the system. It takes a long time to develop and accumulate in the body and initiate pathological event. It is the byproduct of metabolic impairment and it is an important factor for the pathogenesis of most of the disorders. The nutrient components of digested food generally are utilized (Sara bhaga) by the tissues and waste parts (Kitta bhaga) are throughout the body. But Ama like products cannot be utilized or excreted and it remain in the body and vitiates the functional and structural integrity of body channels. This article summarizes basic concept of Ama and its role in pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of disease.

Keywords: Ama, Agni, Tridosha, Dhatu, Mala, Anukta vyadhi, oxidants.


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