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Abstract

THE CONCEPTUAL STUDY OF STHAULYA W.S.R TO OBESITY

Seema Sakharam* and Manjiri S.

Abstract

Ayurveda is one of the most ancient medical sciences of the world. It conceives and describes the basic and applied aspects of life process, health, disease and its management in terms of its own principles and approaches. In Ayurveda, Sthaulya has been described since very early days in various Samhitas, Sangraha Granthas etc. Acharya Charaka has described Sthaulya among the eight Nindita Purusha and Santarpanajanita Roga. The term Medasvi is suggestive of nutritional status of the individuals indicating a well-nourished disposition rather than disease. Sthaulya is involving the Medovriddhi which deals with study of typical obesity that is a reflection of endocrine imbalance, not with the reasonal adiposity. Obesity is the most common nutritional (metabolic) disorder in wealthy societies. Sthaulya (obesity) is discouraged by the society for social as well as medical reason. Commonly obesity is due to excessive eating and lack of adequate exercise. Dalhana seems to be more explicit while commenting on a Medo Roga specified that Agni which is involved in pathogenesis of the disease viz. Dhatvagnimandya. In pathogenesis of Sthaulya, Kledaka Kapha, Samana & Vyana Vayu, Meda (fat /lipid) and Medodhatvagni Mandyata are main responsible factors. So, after looking the vital importance of obesity (Sthaulya), it is selected for the present conceptual study.

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