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Abstract

PREVENTIVE MEASURES OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE (VATAJ HRIDROGA) IN MENOPAUSE

Dr. Anjana Thanki* and Prof. Shilpa B. Donga

Abstract

Introduction: Hridroga can be corelated to cardiovascular disorder, which is one of the most common cause of mortality. Acc to World Health Organization, cardiovascular disease causes 12 million deaths in the world each year. cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women is often underdiagnosed. Diagnosis at later stage leads to increase in number of deaths due to CVD in women. Observation: Old age is the Vata Prokpa Awastha of life so Vatapradhana Vyadhi mainly occurs in old age. Due to age factor, wasting of Sharira Dhatus aggravates Vata Dosha and affects an important Marma like heart. Stress is also contributing factor for it. Disturbed function of Apana Vayu also leads to Udavarta. In Vatika Hridroga Chala, Laghu and Khara guna of Vata is responsible for calcification of arterial vein i.e., Atherosclerosis. In the postmenopausal women, there is an increase in circulating androgens associated with the increased risk of cardiovascular disease after 5 years post menopause usually after the age of 60 years. There are changes in the cardiac functions in the form of decreased myocardial contractility, decreased stroke volume, decreased peak flow, decreased peak flow velocity and decreased vascular resistance. Rasayana drugs may play a major role in CVD occurring in perimenopausal age as it is Dhatu Poshaka. Similarly, Vatanulomana and Vatashamaka drugs may be useful for Vata vitiated due to Jara-awastha. Conclusion: It can be concluded that use of Rasayana, Vatashamana, Vatanulomana and other phytoestrogens in postmenopausal women may play a major role as prevention of cardiovascular disease.

Keywords: Menopause, Vataj Hridroga, Vatanulomana, Rasayana, phytoestrogen.


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