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Abstract

A CRITICAL REVIEW OF SHARPUNKHA IN MANAGEMENT OF SPLENOMEGALY

Dr. Bhushan Suryakantji Akhade*, Dr. Vaishalee Bade, Dr. Ajinkya Bondre and Dr. Rohini Pardakhe

Abstract

Splenomegaly is matter of concern today. Enlargement in the size of spleen is termed as splenomegaly. Infection like mononucleosis and other problems like cirrhosis, cystic fibrosis, and rheumatoid arthritis can lead to such condition. Again, it is caused due to various conditions like blood disorders, Collagen diseases, Metabolic disorders like Gaucher’s disease and Porphyria’s, malignancies like lymphomas etc. Its Symptoms includes pain in abdomen, bloating, indigestion, pallor, anaemia, fever, recurrent infections etc. Treatment modalities varies according to cause of this condition. As there is not much scope in the treatment of splenomegaly in the modern medicine rather than splenectomy. Its complications growing up day by day. OPSI (Overwhelming Post splenectomy infection) causes 50- 70% of mortality rate. So, in order to avoid normal human anatomical changes and complications, we should go with Ayurvedic approach for this condition. Ayurvedic literature reveled drug called Sharpunkha (Tephrosia purpurea) as a key medicine to tackle with this problem due to presence of Tikta, Katu, Kashaya rasa, Katu Vipaka, Ushna Virya and specifically it has Pleehaghna Prabhava. Its pharmacological actions include hepatoprotective, analgesic, antispasmodic, anaesthetic, antihyperglycemic, anti-cancerous, anthelminthic etc. It is found all over India mostly in waste places or roadsides. So, this research aims towards management of Splenomegaly through Ayurvedic approach with help of Sharpunkha. Now a days adulteration has been developed as a major issue infront of Ayurvedic Physician, Hence, this review is carried out for its identification too.

Keywords: Splenomegaly, Sharpunkha, Pleehaghna, Ayurvedic management.


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