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Abstract

A DETAILED CRITICAL REVIEW ON NIDRA ACCORDING TO SWASTHVRITTA

*Dr. Mangesh Subhash Kumbhakarn, Dr. Kishor Machhindra Waghmare and Dr. Ankush Dattatraya Khedkar

Abstract

Aahara (food), Nidra (Sleep) and Bramhacharya (Abstinence) are illustrated as the Three supportive pillars. Importance of Nidra, its role in maintenance of life is discussed. Nidra is also considered under Adharniya vega. It has been rightly stated by Charak that happiness & misery, proper & improper growth, good strength & weakness, potency & sterility, knowledge & ignorance and life & demise of an individual depend on appropriate and inappropriate sleep . Hence, Nidra (Sleep) is one of the important factors to lead a healthy life. Suppression of natural urges (Adharniya vega) related to urine, faeces, hunger thirst, flatus, hiccup, sneezing, yawning, vomiting, sleep etc; either willful or forced has been considered to be harmful in Ayurveda and is likely to induce vitiation of dosas, causing several diseases. The dharana of Nidraavega may cause moha, gaurava of sirah and akshi, aalasya, jrmbha and Angamarda. Nidraanaasa may cause Angamarda, sirogurutva, Jrmbha, jaadya, glaani,bhrama, Apakti, tandraa and other rogas caused by vaata Dosha . Diseases caused due to Adharniya vega have been categorized as prajnaparadha because in pathogenesis of such diseases primary fault begins with psyche (Prajna) and later on somatic involvement occurs. Hence, these diseases may be recognised as psychosomatic diseases also and the situation leading to these diseases may be considered as stressful situations because in aetiology of psychosomatic diseases stress plays a major role. Yoga has a mental as much as a physical aspect. Pranayam help to make the most of the different breathing techniques which can calm the mind and rest the brain from the endless chain of thoughts, offering inner peace and an antidote to the stress of modern day life.

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