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Abstract

INFLUENZA VACCINE COVERAGE AMONG ADULT DIABETIC PATIENTS ATTENDING AT PRIMARY HEALTH CARE CENTERS OF UNAYZAH CITY

Dr. Abdulrahman Bader Alharbi* and Chandra Sekhar Kalevaru

Abstract

Background: For the last two decades, there was tremendous use of adult vaccines among the general population as well as chronic morbid condition suffering people. Of which, one of the intervention among the adult people, specially to know the Influenza vaccine coverage among the adult diabetic population attending at Primary health care centres of Unaizah city. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted randomly in 5 primary health care centers (PHCC) in Unayzah city, Saudi Arabia for adult diabetic patients, between Nov 2019 to June 2021. According to the WHO statistical sample size calculator, the sample size was 193. Interview based questionnaire was used after getting consent from each participant. Data entered, cleaned and analyzed using the SPSS software 21.0 version. Necessary statistical tests were applied. Results: In the current study, mean age in the study population was 53.11 ± 13.74 and equal participation of gender in the study. About 42.2% (76/180) were received the seasonal influenza vaccine in the study group. In the study population, about 78.9% were given response as headache as a symptom of Flu and 65.6% were given response as Flu can cause serious complication among the Diabetics. There was statistically significant association was observed between different levels education versus with vaccination status and Vaccine knowledge (P=0.011,P=0.016). Conclusions: Based on the study results, relatively vaccination coverage was low in our study. Still need vaccine awareness, knowledge and strengthen the programs among the public and also need at the primary healthcare providers level.

Keywords: PHCC, Influenza Vaccine, Knowledge, Symptoms of Flu, Reasons, Saudi Arabia.


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