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Abstract

A REVIEW ON UDAVARTA YONI VYAPADA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DYSMENORRHEA

Sarita Avinash Pawar*, Prakash R. Kanade, Jafar Daruwale, Rahul Mutha, Shilpa Narwade and Bhagwat T. Shinde

Abstract

Menstruation, a complex cyclic phenomenon, is an inevitable natural occurrence in any girl‟s life. Menstrual disorders form a significant proportion of the adult female population. Discomfort during menstruation ranges from mild to severe pain that incapacitate the patient. Mild discomfort occurs in majority of women. A review of studies in developing countries performed by Harlow and Campbell (2002) has explored that about 25-50% of adult women and about 75% of adolescents experience pain during menstruation, with 05-20% reporting severe dysmenorrhoe.[1] But, only 5–8% seek medical advice. Dysmenorrhoea and pre-menstrual syndrome are the commonest gynecological disorders causing great distress to women every month but still are the least reported symptoms. These are the common symptoms of cyclic pain and discomfort to the patient. In the 19th century, dysmenorrhoea was believed to be always due to some mechanical obstruction. “Udavarta” is derived from “Vrit” Dhatu by adding two prefixes „Ut‟ and „Aa‟ meaning a disease characterized by inability to pass Mala, Mutra and Vayu. Hence, it means a disease which has upward circular motion of Mala, Mutra and Vayu which are not eliminated through their natural passages. Thus, Udavarta is a disease where vitiated Vayu moves in upward direction in circular motion causing symptoms in the female reproductive tract. The disease characterized by painful and frothy menstrual discharge is known as Udavarta Yoni Vyapada. Dysmenorrhoea literally means painful menstruation. But, a more realistic and practical definition means painful menstruation of sufficient magnitude so as to incapacitate day to day activities. It is the most common type of cyclic pain.

Keywords: Udavartani, Dysmenorrhoea, Painful Contractions.


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