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Abstract

TRADITIONAL INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS WITH CARDIOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY- A REVIEW

Likithasree Pamisetty*, Naveen Rayadurgam*, M. Durga Prasad, M. Ganesh, B. Haseena Jasmine, D. Jaya Lakshmi and B. K. Manasa Veena

Abstract

Siddha system of Medicine is an ancient science, which belongs to Dravidian culture originating in Tamilnadu. Siddhars who were Natural scientists and who perfectly understood the human body health and illness from embryonic life to death. It deals with measures of healthy living during entire life span of life and its various phases. The Siddha system includes a combination of ancient medicinal practices and spiritual disciplines as well as alchemy and mysticism. As this system is known for its herbal in origin. Herbalism plays an important role to treat various diseases including acute and chronic conditions. Siddhars discovered thousands of raw drugs, medicines and invented their uses by using their Supernatural Powers. Plants play an important role in treating diseases like cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The most common CVD’s are Arrhythmias, Coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, Myocardial infarction. A change in the lifestyle modification is the one which increases the risk for development of CVD’s year by year. Mortality rate of CVD’s were increased day by day. Several Attempts were done, which to overcome the mortality rate and to facilitate the cardioprotective activity by providing different types of medicinal plants and its botanical distribution, description, chemical constituents and pharmacological activity. In this review, few important herbs will protect the human being from CVDs and gives health and quality of life. Plants such as Azadirachta indica, Artocarpus heterophyllus, Bacopa monnieri, Curcuma longa, Hydrophila auriculata, Nigella sativa, Ocimum basilicum, Terminalia arjuna, Withania somnifera etc.

Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases CVD’s, Cardioprotective activity, Siddha system.


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