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Abstract

AYURVEDIC VIEW OF DHATWAGNIJANYA ROGA WSR TO SUBCLINICAL HYPOTHYROIDISM: A REVIEW

Dr. Gayatri Devi*, Dr. Archana Bartwal, Dr. Puneeta Pandey and Dr. Priya Ranjana Tiwari

Abstract

Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH), also called mild thyroid failure, is diagnosed when peripheral thyroid hormone levels are within normal reference but serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels are mildly elevated. The general symptoms of disease include fatigue and generalized weakness. Usually, there is a chronicity with slow & gradual onset making it hardly noticeable and sometimes is accidently diagnosed. Thyroid gland abnormality influences body metabolism up to a great extent & is found more in females than males with a ratio of 1:6. If left untreated can lead to severe complications of hypercholesterolemia, hypertension & cardiovascular diseases. Great sages of Ayurveda envisage Agni as prime factor for health. As per Acharya Charaka food is held responsible for nutrition of body as well as healthy tissue, oja, bala varna, utshah are considered dependent on it. In Ayurveda Shamhita there is no single term for this disease but as per Dhatvagni Mandyata (Metabolic derangement) and involvement of tridosha mainly (vata and kapha), Dushya it can be explained under headings like Rasa and Medo pradoshaj vikar. Clinical symptoms and complication of Subclinical Hypothyroidism closely related with Rasa Pradoshaj and Medo Pradoshaj vikar.

Keywords: Subclinical Hypothyroidism, Rasa dhatu, Medo dhatu, Agni.


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