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Abstract

STUDY OF YONIGATA SHWETASTRAVA W.S.R. TO UPAPLUTA YONIYVAPADA: A REVIEW ARTICLE

Vishakha Nagoshe* and Hemalata Jalgaonkar

Abstract

Ayurveda an ancient science of life is enriched with the knowledge of gynecological disorders related to vaginal discharges which may be blood-stained or pinkish, mucoid, purulent white, thin, thick, curdy or watery.[1] Vaginal white discharge this symptom is present in both physiological and pathological condition. When it becomes pathological it disturbs routine lifestyle of women. Yonigata Shwetastrava is an annoying symptoms which is present in many diseases or complications often represented in the form white vaginal discharge through external genitalia found commonly in the women of the reproductive age group. White vaginal discharge is known as Yonigata Shwetastrava. Generally, women are more prone to have infection in external genitalia. Some considerable amount of white discharge is normal. It can either occur as a disease alone or can manifest as a symptom in many diseases of some underlying reproductive pathology such as sexually transmitted infection, pelvic inflammatory disease etc. So, if left untreated, it can give rise some other grave pathology which can reach up to the uterus through reproductive canal. As in our country due to poor nutrition, multiple childbirth, low socioeconomic status, poverty, population growth, negligence of proper hygiene, many women are anaemic, malnourished, ill-health may suffer from such infection.[2] White vaginal discharge often associated with the other symptoms like vulval itching and pain. Infections due to certain organisms in vagina & uterus also leads to white discharge due to injury caused by infections. Normal vaginal discharge may appear clear, cloudy, white and without any type of smell. Changes in normal discharge can be caused by many reasons like physiological menstrual cycle & pregnancy, nutritional status, emotional stress, usages of medications including birth control pills and sexual arousal. Any changes in colour, Consistancy, amount, smell of discharge may be a sign of vaginal infection.[3] Pregnancy & delivery have special significance in every women's life. Life of a lady is incomplete till she become a mother and give birth to healthy child. Upapluta yonivyapada is one of 20 Yonivyapada, described by Acharya Charaka and both Vagbhatas can be compared to vulvovaginitis during pregnancy means Per vaginal mucoid white discharge accompanied with itching and pain, is one a very annoying and troublesome symptom in pregnant women. It causes great discomfort to women hampering her normal activities. In Upapluta yonivyapada, kapha and vata dosha plays main role. So detail discussion about all white vaginal discharges will help in formulating the appropriate line of treatment and betterment of women's life.

Keywords: Yonigata Shwetastrava, Upapluta Yoniyvapada, Vulvovaginitis.


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