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Abstract

REVIEW ON SUSHRUTOKTA LOHITA TVAKA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO VYANGA

Akshay Laxman Bade* and Vinod M. Choudhari

Abstract

Skin (Tvaka) is the general covering of the entire external surface of body. It is the largest organ of body both by surface area and weight. It is most prone to diseases as it is exposed to external environment. Acharya Sushruta mentioned Skin as Tvaka and its layers in Ayurveda. Lohita is the second layer of tvaka. Acharya Sushruta has mentioned Vyanga roga in Lohita tvaka (second layer). Vyanga can be correlated with Melasma in modern science. It is an acquired pigmentary condition, occurring most commonly on the face. This disorder is predominantly attributed to ultraviolet (UV) exposure and hormonal influences. Melasma is generally a clinical diagnosis consisting of symmetric reticulated hyper melanosis which decreases glowing complexion of face.

Keywords: Skin, Lohita Tvaka, Vyanga, Melasma, Hyper melanosis, Ayurveda.


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