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Abstract

ANTI-ANAEMIC HERBS IN SIDDHA SYSTEM OF MEDICINE– A REVIEW

Devaki R.* and Santhosh Kumar R.

Abstract

Anaemia is a state of decrease in the number of red blood cells that is a deficit in oxygen-carrying capacity to satisfy the body's physiologic requirements. The physiologic needs differ from individual's age, gender, household above the sea level, smoking habits, and in each stage of pregnancy. Worldwide iron deficiency is thought to be the frequent cause of anaemia, but other nutritional deficiencies including vitamins like folic acid, vitamin A, and Vitamin B12 acute and chronic inflammatory conditions, parasitic infection, and genetic and acquired disorders affect haemoglobin synthesis. The WHO Global Nutrition Target 2025 on anaemia aims to lower anaemia in WRA by 50% by 2025. Classification is based on anaemia due to blood loss, anaemia due to impaired red cell formation, hemolytic anaemias, Microcytic, hypochromic, Normocytic, normochromic, and Macrocytic. The common symptoms are weakness, fatigue, palpitations, low blood pressure, chest pain, etc. The laboratory investigation of hemoglobin in iron deficiency shows a little level of MCH and MCHV. The other names are Veluppu, Vennmai noi, Pandu. These medicines are ‘Aya jambeera karpam‟, „Aya bringaraja karpam‟ prepared from iron with lemon, and Eclipta prostrata are particularly indicated for anemia. Dietary recommendations are intake of fruits like pomegranate, Indian gooseberry, fig, dates, and greens such as karisalai, ponnangani, cury leaves, drumstick leaves, etc. It can be largely prevented and treated effectively with dietary sources of heamatinics medicinal herbs; grains and millets that form the nutritional supplements, and with it healthier hygiene, sanitation practices, and regular deworming that has been described in this review.

Keywords: Anaemia, Global burden, Types, Siddha, Anti-anaemic medicinal plants.


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