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Abstract

INTRA AND POST OPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS IN ANAESTHESIA AND THEIR MANAGEMENT

Amir Rasool Bhat*

Abstract

Anesthesia is Greek for "without sensation". It is a state of controlled, temporary loss of sensation or awareness that is induced for medical purposes. It may include some or all of analgesia, paralysis, loss of memory, and unconsciousness. A patient under the effects of anesthetic drugs is referred to as being anesthetized. Or we can say that anesthesia is a reversible state of unconsciousness produced by drugs, with sufficient depression of the reflexes to allow an operation to be performed. It can be seen from the above statement that two conditions are necessary before the state of surgical anesthesia can be achieved. Firstly there should be unconsciousness, which after all, is all that the patient is interested in! Secondly, some depression of muscular reflex activity, which the surgeon needs to enable delicate work. If an anesthetic agent is administered in sufficient quantity for long periods, overdose levels are reached which can lead to death. From the time that the first noticeable effect is produced until fatal overdose occurs, the progressive reflex depression of the central nervous system may be divided into four stages.

Keywords: sensation, uncounseness, memoryloss, paralysis, muscle relaxant, and reflex activity.


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