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Abstract

INTRAUTERINE GROWTH RESTRICTION: IDENTIFICATION, ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS AND ITS PREVENTION

R. Monzoor, M. Jesmin, S. K. Bhadra, A.S.M. Shahnawaz and A. Awal*

Abstract

Background: Intrauterine growth restriction is a major and silent cause of various morbidity and mortality for the fetal and neonatal population. It is defined as a rate of fetal growth that is less than normal for the growth potential of that specific infant. Aims & Objectives: the aim of this study was to find out the risk factors for intrauterine growth restriction in urban areas of Rajshahi district, Bangladesh. Materials & Method: This cross sectional type of descriptive study was carried out among the pregnant woman in urban areas of Rajshahi district. The sample size was 150 which were selected purposively from outpatient department and indoor from Barind Medical College Hospital, Rajshahi. Results: It was revealed that 73.3% were in the age group of more than 35 years, Muslim (78.67%), graduates (59.33%) and service holder (52.67%). It was identified that 51.3% of the respondents were from joint family; husbands were service holder (64.0%), lived in brick build house (86.0%) with more than 40,000 BDT as monthly family income (77.3%). About 72.0% had multipara, maintained regular ante natal checkup (80.0%) without premature delivery (78.0%) with no history of intra uterine death (83.3%). Most of them did not have high blood pressure (62.67%), any convulsion during pregnancy (88.7%), any P/V bleeding (52.7%) and oligohydramnios (54.7%). It was recognized that 88.7% of the respondents did not had any history of chronic liver, renal or any other chronic diseases, did not take proper rest (53.33%) with sedentary life (70.67%) and did not have history of intrauterine growth restriction (82.0%).

Keywords: Intra uterine growth restriction, Identification, Risk factors, Bangladesh.


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