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Abstract

PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

Sruthi Viswanathan*, Reeja Jiji, Nayana M. and Chinnu Baby

Abstract

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disease in women among thirteen to forty years of reproductive age. Women with PCOS usually experience pregnancy complications like gestational diabetes (GDM), gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, preterm and caesarean delivery. The aim of the study was to identify the prevalence of PCOS and non PCOS women, maternal and neonatal complications associated with PCOS , to study the adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with and without PCOS and to compare quality of life in pregnant women with and without PCOS. Methods: This is an online survey-based cross-sectional study was conducted in pregnant and breastfeeding women in South India for a period of 6 months. Results: The sample size of the study was 500 [128 PCOS + 372 non PCOS]. Pregnancy complications like spontaneous abortions, gestational diabetes, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, fetal complications like low birth weight, need of NICU care and lower APGAR and low HRQoL was more associated with PCOS. Conclusion: A statistically significant association was found that maternal and neonatal complications were more in PCOS women. The study concluded that PCOS women were having a low HRQoL compared to women without PCOS.

Keywords: PCOS; PIH; SGA; HRQoL; NICU; APGAR.


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