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Abstract

EVALUATION OF THE EFFICACY OF GINGER GEL IN THE TREATMENT OF CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS: A CLINICAL AND QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS

*Dr. G. Poojitha Reddy, Dr. Savita S., Dr. Arvind Raghunath and Dr. CH Vibha

Abstract

Introduction: Periodontitis is a disease of the oral cavity resulting in the inflammation and destruction of the tooth-supporting tissues, primarily caused by the accumulation of complex polymicrobial plaque. Periodontitis can be conventionally treated through mechanical scaling and root planing (SRP). The local delivery of antimicrobials to periodontal pockets has the benefit of administering more drugs at the target site, while minimizing the exposure of the total body. Recently, there is an increased awareness and scientific trials on medicinal plants and their formulations. Hence, the present study was designed to assess the clinical and microbial effects of Ginger gel as a local drug delivery in the treatment of patients with Chronic Generalized Periodontitis. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients were randomly assigned to study and control groups. Group I - Scaling and Root planing alone, Group II - Scaling and Root planing along with Ginger gel as LDD. Clinical parameters such as gingival index, gingival bleeding index, probing pocket depth, periodontal index along with subgingival plaque samples were collected at baseline and after 1 month for microbial colony forming units. Results: Periodontal therapy with ginger gel as LDD resulted in significant improvement in the clinical parameters and a significant decrease in the microbial colony forming units after 1 month. Conclusion: Ginger gel as LDD was effective clinically and microbiologically, in reducing the severity of periodontal inflammation and the overall microbial count. Hence, ginger gel can be used as an adjunct to periodontal therapy due to its numerous properties. However further studies need to be conducted on larger samples and a longer follow up to evaluate its effect on periodontal diseases.

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