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Abstract

ASSESSMENT OF ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF ALOE VERA

Nidhi Rathore* and Dr. Swati Goyal

Abstract

Aloe vera has been a popular medicinal plant for centuries and is used in our lives in many ways. It produces about six natural antiseptics, which have the power to kill mold, bacteria, fungi, and viruses. It contains major high potential beta-carotene i.e. Vitamins A, B, C, enzymes, minerals, sugar, lignin, saponins, and salicylic acid. On the basis of various phytochemicals, it is major used in the pharma sector and cosmetic industry. The present study was examining the phytochemical screening and antibacterial propriety of Aloe vera. The extracts were prepared using ethanol solvents. The phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial activity test of extracts were performed. The presence of Choline, Tinosporin, Isocolumbin, Palmatine, Tetrahydropalmatine, Magnoflorine, 18-norclerodane glucoside, Flavonoid, diterpene glucoside, Tinocordiside, Cordioside, Cordifolioside A, Cordifolioside, Tinocordifolioside, alkaloids, glycosides, carbohydrates, steroids, polyphenol, saponins, and terpenoids were indicated by testing.This experiment to determine antimicrobial resistance of Aloe vera by Zone of inhibition method has been used to examine the antimicrobial resistance of different microorganisms group i.e. Gram-negative bacteria i.e. Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC No.9027 and Gram-positive Bacteria i.e. Staphylococcus aureus ATCC No 6538. The sample extracts of plant has been shown the inhibition of microorganisms in the experiment soyabean casin digest agar media plate. Ethanolic extracts sample results showed that Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus ATCC No 6538 of zone of inhibition area is high compared to Gram-negative bacteria i.e and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC No.9027 of zone of inhibition area. Phytochemicals test results of Aloe Vera plant extracts is compliance against test method pre determine accepted criteria. The results of Phytochemicals and antimicrobial activity is confirmed that ethanolic extracts of plant is shown highly antimicrobial resistance.

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