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Abstract

A COMPRHENSIVE REVIEW ON PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF BUTEA FRONDOSA LINN

Parul Rai* and Diksha Singh

Abstract

Butea frondosa (Lam.) kuntze [Family: leguminosae] is a averagesized deciduous tree generally known as Flame of forest, Dhak or palas in Hindi, Bastard Teak in English, Parasa in Tamil which is extensively disseminated throughout India, Burma and Ceylon. It has a inclusive range of active principles like coreopsin, isocoreopsin, sulphurein, butein, butin, isobutrin, monospermoside and isomonospermoside, aurones, chalcones, flavonoids (palasitrin, prunetin) and steroids. Butea frondosa contains phytoconstituents such as alkaloids, flavonoids, phenolic compounds, amino acids, glycosides, steroids etc. The pharmacological activity is primarily shown by flowers, seeds, barks, fruits, leaves etc. The existing review focused on subsequent pharmacological actions like astringent, aphrodiasiac, antihelmintic, anti-inflammatory anti- bacterial, anti- fungal, anti – asthmatic, hepatoprotective, antifertility, anti-filarial, anti-diabetic, antiviral, anticonvulsant, antifungal, antimicrobial, anti-estrogenic, anticancer, antioxidant, antiulcer, wound healing, anti-diarrhoeal, anti- implantation, anti-dopaminergic, antimycobacterial, osteogenic and osteoprotective activity. These explanations are striking for advance studies on current scientific lines.

Keywords: Butea frondosa, Butea monosperma, Flame of forest, Pharmacology, Palash.


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