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Abstract

BEEJ CHATUSHTAYA: A SPECIALITY OF SUSHRUTA SAMHITA

Dr. Ravindra Thakur*, Dr. Harshal S. Sabale and Dr. S. G. Kulakarni

Abstract

Beeja chatushtya is a special unique contribution of sushruta samhita. Whole sushruta samhita has been elaborated on the base of this principle. As Sushruta Samhita is Shalya pradhana shastra. Beeja Chatushtya includes purusha (individual person) vyadhi (diseases), aoushdha (medicine) & kriyakaal (time of administration of treatment). Ayurveda accepts loka purusha samya siddanta and panchamahabhut siddhanta. Thus Purusha is considered to be the combination of panchamahabhuta and atma. This karma purusha provides adhishthana and ashraya for vyadhi and chikitsa. The roga or dukha or vedana includes all types of shareerika, manasika, and agantuja vedana. Dukha nivrutti can be achieved by administering different principles of kriya or chikitsa by using different medicines and other measures. In Beeja Chatushtya kriya refers to swasthanuvartana chikitsa, antarashraya, (snehanadi karma) bahirashraya and shastradi karma. Kala refers to the administration of procedure at proper time like snehapana in prabhatakala, swedana jeernaanna kala, vamana in purvahna, virechana in prataha kala, asthapana in madhyahna kala, and anuvasana in sayankala (pradosha kala after food). Kala also refers to avasthika kala like langhana in samavastha of jwara and ghrita pana in jeerna jwara avastha.

Keywords: Beeja Chatustaya, purusha, vyadhi, aushda, kriyakala.


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