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Abstract

A REVIEW ON PAADA SHARIR WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DEFORMITIES OF MEDIAL LONGITUDINAL ARCH OF FOOT

Manjima K. S.* and Manisha Kishanrao Dawre

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Abstract

In Ayurveda Paada terminology has come in various contexts like it is one of the shadanga, it is one of the indriya i.e.karmeindriya. It is one of the pratyanga. In embryonic life during monthwise development of garbha, panchapindka are formed. Out of that paada is one of the pindka. From rachanatmak prospective paada have various entity related with it like number of asthi, sandhi, snayu, peshi, kurcha. The knowledge of foot anatomy is essential for therapeutic as well as diagnostic purpose. While describing longevity measurement of pratyangas plays key role. If it resembles to prestated value then the person is considered as deerghayu. Sarata parikshan is also one of the parikshya bhav to determine longetivity in which various measurements of pratyangas are taken. Hence Paada sharir has its significance in Ayurvedic and modern prospective. The detailed measurements of normal human foot (paada) is given by Acharya sushruta in 35th chapter of sutra sthana. The foot is the region of the body distal to the leg and consists of 28 bones. These bones are arranged in to longitudinal and transverse arches with the support of various muscles and ligaments. 3 main arches of foot are medial longitudinal arch, lateral longitudinal arch and transverse arch. They allow the foot to support the weight of the body in the erect posture with the least weight. Foot arch deformities include congenital and acquired conditions. Sedentary life style of modern era also contribute to the acquired deformities of foot arches mainly of the medial longitudinal arch of foot. The purpose of this article is to review the paada sharira in classics and compare it with the acquired deformities of medial longitudinal arch of foot so that people can correct or modify their life style in order to maintain their foot arches and can lead a better healthy life.

Keywords: Paada sharir, Foot arches, Medial longitudinal arch, Pes planus, Pes cavus.


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