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Abstract

PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL, BIOCHEMICAL AND FTIR SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS OF KUPPAIMENI CHOORANAM (ACALYPHA INDICA LINN)

Kalaiselvi Balakrishnan* and A. Manoharan

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Abstract

The Siddha System of medicine is one of the most ancient traditional systems of India. The Kuppaimeni chooranam (Acalypha indica Linn) is a herbal formulation from Gunapadam - Mooligai Vaguppu text book. The Kuppaimeni chooranam is indicated for Iraippu irumal (Bronchial Asthma). The raw drug was collected and purified as mentioned in siddha classical literatures. The study was carried out to evaluate the preliminary phytochemical, biochemical and FTIR spectroscopic analysis of Kuppaimeni chooranam (KC). In phytochemical screening Saponins, terpenoids, steroids, Glycosides, Alkaloids were pesent. The biochemical analysis revealed the presence of sulphate, chloride, unsaturated compounds and amino acid. The FTIR characterization showed the presence of functional groups like N-H stretch (Aliphatic primary amine), C-H stretch (Alkane), C=O stretch (esters), C=C stretch (Alkene), C-H bending(Alkane), OH bending (Phenol), C-O stretch (Alkyl aryl ether), C-O stretch (secondary alcohol), S=O stretch (Sulfoxide), C=C bending (Alkene), C-Cl stretch (Halo compound) and C-I stretch (Halo compound).

Keywords: Acalypha indica Linn, Bronchial asthma, Phytochemical, Biochemical, FTIR spectroscopy.


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