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Abstract

SCREENING AND ASSESSMENT OF METABOLIC SYNDROME AND ITS KNOWLEDGE IN AN URBAN POPULATION: A CROSSSECTIONAL STUDY

Hardik Jethaliya, Vrushank Patel, Maitri Patel, Aayushi Patel, Chintankumar Patel* and Shrikalp Deshpande

Abstract

Purpose: Metabolic syndrome is a forerunner of non-communicable disease, primarily focusing on cardiovascular disease and insulin resistance. This study aims to screen the subjects for metabolic syndrome, check the knowledge, assess the impact of education on the mean score of knowledge regarding the metabolic syndrome find the prevalence in the study population, to determine the 10-year cardiovascular risk through the Framingham scale. Methodology: Design: Prospective, Cross-Sectional, Multi-center Study. Subject recruitment: 121 subjects above 35 years of age from four different residential societies. Intervention and outcome measure: Participating subjects were asked pre-questionnaire and screened for metabolic syndrome. After a 30-day follow-up, the same questionnaire was asked by face-to-face intervention. Relevant tests were performed and demographics were recorded. Result: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 57.8% and 41.3% according to IDF and NCEP criteria respectively. Overweight and obesity were prevailing in 66.1% of subjects, 41.3% were pre-diabetic and 18.2% subjects were diabetic. There were 55.37% subjects with elevated blood pressure, 23.14% subjects with elevated triglycerides, and 35.6% with abnormal HDL levels. There were 24 subjects with high cardiovascular risk. The mean score of knowledge on syndrome X was increased from 8.53 to 12.53. Conclusion: High fasting glucose levels were most prominent among the subjects recruited. Tobacco use, male gender, and increase in age are the risk factors for cardiovascular risk. Educational intervention is found significant and hence a pharmacist can play a vital role in screening, imparting knowledge, and education regarding the disease.

Keywords: Metabolic Syndrome, Prevalence, Cardiovascular risk, Health screening, risk factors, pharmacist, knowledge.


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