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Abstract

STUDY ON ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTION PATTERN AND COMPLIANCE TOWARDS W.H.O DRUG USE INDICATORS AT TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN JAMMU AND KASHMIR

Shivam Choudghal, Dr. Rojin G. Raj* and Gurpreet Singh Multani

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate antibiotic prescribing patterns in tertiary care patients. Our further aims were to examine the specifics of antimicrobials such as (class of drug, frequency of medication, route of administration, dose of medicine, duration of therapy), correct the prescription mistakes, and assess the prescription in accordance with World Health Organization’s (WHO) criteria. Methods: The research was a prospective observational study with a total of 126 patients and a six-month study period. The patients' IPD prescription orders were examined, and data was entered into the data collection form. The collected data was examined in accordance with the study's goal. Results: The most often prescribed antibiotic class was Cephalosporins in 46 (36.51 percent) of the 126 patients. In 104 (82.5%) of the prescriptions, generic names were written. Intravenous was the most often recommended mode of drug delivery 86(68.25%). Despite the fact that the dosage and frequency of the medicine were written on 100(79.36%) of the prescriptions, medication mistakes were found in 39(30.95%) of them. Sensitivity testing was performed on 56 patients (43.7%). In 56 (44.44 percent) of the prescriptions, the WHO criteria was followed. Conclusion: In a hospital that provides tertiary care, a clinical pharmacist plays an essential part in minimizing the risk of medical mistakes and fostering a reasonable approach to the dosing and administration of medications.

Keywords: Antibiotic, Prescription, Prescribing pattern, Errors, Criteria.


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