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Abstract

SHODHANA CHIKITSA IN VATA VYADHI ACCORDING TO KAYACHIKITSA

Dr. Vinay Kuma*

Abstract

The basics described includes the Tridosha concept among which Vata Dosha is given the prime importance as it is essential for smooth functioning of body and for maintaining structural integrity of body elements. The Acharayas have described types of Vatavyadhi as Dhatukshayajanya & Margavrodhajanya. The Chikitsa varies according the type of Vatavyadhi i.e.Shamana & Shodhana. Panchakarma is mentioned as Shodhana Chikitsa Prakara which involves various therapeutic procedures beneficial in eliminating vitiated Vata and other Dosha in body resulting in permanent relief and non-recurrence of Vatavyadhis. So now a day Panchakarma therapies are being used worldwide in neuro-muscular and joint disorders which are correlated with Vatavyadhis mentioned in Ayurved classics. The etiological factors of vatavyadhi are enlisted and two major pathology viz, dhatukshaya and avarana are detailed. In dhatukshaya, vitiated vata assumes the status of gatavata (increased movement of vata) and occupies various sites leading to dhatugata (affecting tissues) vata, ashayagata (affecting various sites) vata and avayava (organs) gatavata.Avarana (obstruction by covering) is a distinct pathology of vata in which the free mobility of vata is hampered. Accordingly, avarana may happen either due to two other dosha, dhatu (rakta, etc.) or mala (waste). Avarana may also happen in between two subtypes of vata as the direction of movement of various types of vata differ. This is called anyonyavarana.

Keywords: Tridosha, Dhatukshayajanya, Panchakarma, Dhatukshaya, Rakta, Avarana.


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