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Abstract

REGULATORY COMPLIANCE OF HAND SANITIZERS IN IGBINEDION UNIVERSITY COMMUNITY IN THE FIGHT AGAINST COVID-19: A SURVEY

Nnabuike Didacus Nnamani†, Adesegun Jubril Kashimawo and Osarugue Uyi

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Abstract

Igbinedion University Community, Okada, is a gathering of people from different part of the World with increased risk of exposure and transmission of coronavirus-2019 disease. Hand sanitization is one of the multidimensional approach in curbing coronavirus-2019 disease. The compliance to regulatory recommendations of inclusion of 60 – 95 % alcohol, humecant glycerol, and sporicidal hydrogen peroxide, and labelling indications of hand sanitizers within Igbinedion University community was surveyed. All the hand sanitizer collected and sampled had manufacturing and expiring dates, and properly stated lists of ingredients on their labels. The samples were alcohol based with a mode of 70 % ethanol, and had average pH of 6.4. A 48 % of samples were registered with NAFDAC, and 99% were manufactured in Nigeria. Labelling inscriptions “For External Use” and “Kills 99% germ” were in 100 and 95 % of samples respectively. Warning inscriptions of “Flammable”, and “Keep out of reach of children” were in 90 and 99 % of the samples respectively. Sporicidal hydrogen peroxide was present in 14 % of the samples, while antimicrobial denaturant, chlorhexidine, was present in 14 % of the samples. Humecants, thickeners, and stabilizers were present in 62, 48 and 29 % of the samples respectively. The statistical 2n manifold classification of attributes showed that 38 % of hand sanitizers available in the community met regulatory recommendations for content, labelling and packaging, while 62 % of the samples met content and packaging guidelines. With the hand sanitizers available in Igbinedion University Community, Okada in compliant with regulatory recommendations, emphasis should be on its proper and regular usage.

Keywords: Humecant, sporicidal, denaturant, antimicrobial.


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