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Abstract

AN OVERVIEW ON CHARAKOKTA BHESHAJ PARIKSHA VIDHI W.S.R TO ADULTERATION AND SUBSTITUTION

Vidyavati V. Hiremath and Avinash Bholane*

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Abstract

The present article deals with the concept of Dravya Pariksha Vidhi explained by Acharya Charak and their challenges like Adulteration, Substitution & Modern Guidelines of standardization of drugs etc. Which plays an important role in the identification, authentication, and yielding of good quality of required drugs along with preserving the natural resources. In 20th and 21th - century people become aware of the challenges of synthetic drugs, which made the world shift towards Ayurveda that result in more usage of Ayurvedic medicines, which created an increased demand for raw material. So to fulfil the demand the fast drop-off started in the natural resource. Plants growing in high altitude regions, many of them became endangered and rare, as well as costly. Some drugs like Vatsnabh (Aconitum Chasmanthum stapfex. Haimes), Kutki (Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth), Kustha (Saussurea lappa C.B.Clarke), Riddhi (Hobenariainte media D. Don), Vriddhi (Habenariaedge worthii Hook.f.ex.Collett), Kakoli (Roseea purpurrea Smith), Kshirakakoli (Lilium polyphyllum D. Don), Jeevaka (Crepipiuma cumina tum D. Don. Szlach.), Meda (Polygonatum verticillatum Linn.) Allioni), Mahameda (Polygonatum cirrhifolium (wall.) Royal) and (Polygonatum Vertecillatum Alloi), Rakta Chandana, Sandal Surkh (Pterocarpus santalinus Linn.), Sweta Chandana (Santalum album Linn.), Kesar(Crocus sativus Linn.) etc. completely entered the endangered zone and due to incorrect identification, collection intentionally or unintentionally, Herbal adulteration has become common malpractices in herbal raw material trade. Due to the addition of spurious drugs, faith in Ayurvedic medicines for their results has declined. So, it is a need of the hour for proper identification of drugs through standardization techniques along with preserving our natural resources. As well as to overcome these problems the Knowledge of Vrikshayurved is also essential to get the better yield of the requirement along with proper plant care to fulfil the required needs genuinely. The biggest advantage of applying these methods is that we could find Anukta dravya (Extrapharmacopieal) new drugs, Pratinidhi dravya (Substitute) and help to find out the properties (Raspanchak, Exact pharmacological action) of adulterated drugs in the view of Ayurveda, like Rasapanchaka, Guna, Karma, Prabhav, etc. and thus, facilitate its use in Ayurvedic therapeutics.

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