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Abstract

A CRITICAL REVIEW ON SHASHTI UPAKRAMA BY ACHARYA SHUSRUTA IN THE MANAGEMENT OF VRANA

Upendra Bhardwaj* and Rajkumar Sharma

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Abstract

In Ayurvedic text the Sushruta samhita , written by legendary surgeon of ancient age Acharya Sushruta is the foundation of Ayurvedic medicine as well as surgery. He has given special attention on describing basics of surgery. There is a general impression that Sushruta samhita is the only an ancient Indian Ayurvedic text book of surgery. Sushruta samhita contains 184 chapters, divided into fives sthana, having description of 1120 illness, 700 medicinal plants, detailed and elaborated knowledge of accurate anatomy, 64 preparation from mineral and 57 preparation based on animal sources. It still retains landmark position in the field of surgical text. Acharya Sushruta is worldwide known for his historical work on plastic surgery, he has also made similar numerous contributions on various aspects of medicine, such as fracture and dislocation, urinary stone, various type of skin disease as kustha, panchkarma procedure, toxicology, pediatrics, eye diseases, psychiatry, obstetrics and gynaecology etc. A very limited conceptual work has been performed on the selected chapters of Sushruta samhita. Therefore a review conceptual study has been carried out on the Shastiupakrama of vrana of sushruta samhita. Outcome of the study shows that Sushruta samhita is written in the aphorism form and technique describe in it regarding treatment of vrana in its various stages are the basic of whole surgery. The all 60 upakrama can be simplified and included in 7 upakrama of sopha. It is need of hour to explore the hidden truth by decoding the versions of the text.

Keywords: Sushruta samhita, Shastiupakram, Shaptopakrama, Vrana.


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