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Abstract

LITERATURE REVIEW ON TRIVIDHA KARMA

Shweta R. Mhatre*, Dr. Veerendra Meenkire and Dr. Amit Shedge

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Abstract

Acharya Sushruta was an ancient Indian physician and world‟s first surgeon known as “Father of Surgery”. In Agropaharaniyam Adhyayam Acharya sushruta described Trividha karma. Trividh means three types and karma means operative Procedures. All surgical procedure consist of 3 stages (Trividha karma) - Purva karma (preoperative), Pradhan karma (operative) and Paschat karma (postoperative). Purva karma means preoperative procedures includes agropaharna (collection of material for surgery), patient‟s preparation and surgeon‟s preparation. Pradhan karma means operative procedures including Ashtavidh shastra karma (different type of surgical procedures) and Paschat karma means post- operative procedures which includes care of wound and patient. In order to get successful and complications free surgery we have to gain knowledge about these tri vidha karma. Acharya sushrut explained the importance of Trividha karma and it‟s use in surgery.

Keywords: Trividha karma, Purva karma, Pradhan karma, Paschat karma.


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