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Abstract

A QUESTIONNAIRE BASED STUDY REGARDING KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUGS AMONG SECOND YEAR UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS IN A SOUTH INDIAN TEACHING HOSPITAL

Ancy N. S. and *Hema N. G.

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Abstract

Background: Self-care is a primary public health resource in the health care system which includes self-medication with over-the-drugs (OTC). As among the public, the use of OTC drugs is also common among the medical students. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of OTC drugs among second year undergraduate medical students as they are well-exposed to the knowledge about drugs. Methods: A questionnaire-based study was conducted among 150 second year undergraduate students from Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Mysore from October 2021 to November 2021. A validated questionnaire consisting of 30 questions divided under 3 sections; knowledge, attitude and practice was used. Statistical analysis of data was done using MS-Excel spreadsheet. Results: Out of the 150 participants 119 had good knowledge about OTC. More than half of the students i.e., 96 (64%) agreed about the appropriateness of sharing OTC medication with others. Headache (88%), fever (62.6%), cough and common cold (61.3%) were the most common conditions for which the students practiced self-medication while analgesics 128 (85.3%), antipyretics 84 (56%) and antacids 52 (34.6%) were the most commonly used class of drugs. Less severe disease (86.6%) and an intention to save money (43.3%) were the main reasons for OTC medication practice. Conclusion: There is a need for elaborate chapters in the medical undergraduate curriculum about OTC drugs so that medical students are educated, empowered and trained with necessary skills to tackle issues arising with the use of OTC drugs.

Keywords: Attitudes, Knowledge, Non-prescription Drugs, Practice, Self-Medication, Self Care.


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