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Abstract

DIETO-REGIMENAL APPROACH FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SAMAN-E-MUFRIT (OBESITY): A REVIEW

Saif Ali Siddiqui*, Mohammad Shoaib, Asia Sultana and Mohammad Anas

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Abstract

Saman-e-Mufrat (Obesity) is defined as a condition of abnormal excessive fat accumulation in adipose tissue due to enlargement of fat cells in size or number or in combination to the extent that health is impaired. According to Unani philosophy, it is a Balghami Marz (disease due to phlegm) mentioned under the heading of Farbahi, which means Motapa (Obese). Unani scholars have discussed predisposing factors, and some Tadbeer (Regimens) e.g. Hammam (Turkish bath), Ilaj bil Ghiza (Dietotherapy), Riyazat (physical exercise), and other procedures to keep the body healthy and fit. It is a complex disorder that presents several risk factors in almost all age groups. It is a dangerous public health problem of the present century and is one of the leading and preventable causes of mortality that is affecting the whole world. Obesity is emerging as an important health problem in India The national family health survey [N.F.H.S.] shows that 12.1% of men and 14.8% of women in India are either overweight or obese. Obesity is the world's one of the oldest metabolic disorders. The WHO now considers obesity to be a global epidemic and a public health problem. Sedentary habits with little activity are the main reason behind the increased incidence of Obesity. It can lead to heart problems, diabetes, and other serious health issues, which can reduce life expectancy. Modern drugs for the treatment of obesity have their own side effects. Changes in dietary habits and sedentary lifestyles are known to be associated with changes in health and increased prevalence. During the past decades, efficacious strategies have been developed for the prevention of these changes. These strategies involve general lifestyle changes, which include a healthy diet, optimal weight, physical activity, and no alcohol consumption. The Unani system of medicine advocates a healthy lifestyle through Ilaj bil Tadbeer, Ilaj bil-Ghiza, Ilaj bil Dawa, to prevent all kinds of diseases. Thus, in this paper, an attempt has been made to highlight the strength of Unani medicine in the management of obesity regarding the dieto-regimenal approach, and this review has been done for the non-pharmacological management of obesity which includes the two basic fundamentals of Unani medicine i.e, Ilaj bil Ghiza (diet therapy), Ilaj bil Tadbeer (regimenal therapy or drugless therapy).

Keywords: Saman-e-Mufrit; Lifestyle disorders; Ilaj bil-Ghiza; Ilaj bil-Tadbeer; Regimenal therapy.


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