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Abstract

A CRITICAL REVIEW: WOUND CARE IN AYURVEDA

Bijendra Kumar*, Suman Yadav and Ashutosh Kumar Yadav

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Abstract

Wound is defined as the condition wherein tissues undergo destruction (vichurnana). Wound is a condition even after complete healing leaves a scar (vrana vastu) over the area which stays as long as the person alive. wound in Ayurveda is described as Vrana, is one of the oldest element from which the humankind has suffered. In Ayurveda wound has 6 roots or causes of vitiation- Vata, Pitta, Kapha, Rakta, Sannipata and Agantuj, can be managed by 60 measures (Shasti Upakrama) as described by Maharshi Sushruta. These sixty different types of procedures in general may be summarized in the seven basic procedures (saptopakrama) in the management of Vrana shopha. For managing the complete healing of wound, a series of treatment procedures have been mentioned. These procedures primarily help in the Shodhana (cleansing) and Ropana (healing) of the formed wound. They also play an important role in cosmetic repair, by setting right if there is any complication occurred during the process of healing. The procedures in shasti upakrama from seevana karma to vrana dhoopana play a major role in cleansing and promoting the healing of the incised/burst and drained wound.

Keywords: Vrana, Vrana Vastu, Vichurnana, Vrana shopha, Shasti Upakrama, Saptopakrama, Shodhana, Ropana etc.


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