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Abstract

CONCEPT OF AMA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DHATVAGNI

Vinod Singh*, Archna Rai and Amarendra Kr. Singh

Abstract

Ama is a pathological condition, which occurs due to the improper functioning of Agni. Ama is considered as main cause of various diseases.[1] The Ayurveda, the concept of fire, or agni, strength of agni in the body is among the most critical factors in determining overall health. The creation and distruction of the universe, metabolism and catabolism in organism all are regulated through agni. Angi is an agent which makes the food particles acceptable and compatible for body. The entire process of the function of Agni is called Agnivyaprya. Broadly thirteen types of agni have been descrived in Ayurveda namely- Jatharagni-1, Bhutagni-5, Dhatwagni- 7 at different levels. Jatharagni also known by kayagni, pachagni, jatharagni is directly concerned with the digestion of food materials in the aamashya. Bhutagni are of five kinds parthiva, Apya, Agnya, Vayaviya and Nabhas. These are supposed to act on the five basic elemental Constituent of the food in order to digest them. The importants agni of Dhatvagni are seven types of Agni, satuated in respective dhatus and these have been named has Rasagni, Raktagni, Manasagni, Medagni, asthiagni, majagni and sukragni. About the fuction of Dhatvagni two types of function attributed to them one of them Dhatvagni is supposed to take part in maintaining the integrity of the dhatu by helping in the conversions of available nutrients in to specific dhatu if there is hypofunctioning of this agni, it is important role of formation of ama.

Keywords: Aam, Dhatvagni, Jatharagni, Bhutagni.


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