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Abstract

A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW ON HERBAL MOSQUITO REPELLENT

Manish Kumar*, Kalpana, Arun Kumar Maurya, Pratima Katiyar, Ruchi Verma, Vandana Yadav

Abstract

Mosquito management and personal protection against mosquito bites is one of the most important techniques to prevent the spread of infectious illnesses. Because of the emergence of resistance, crossresistance, and potential toxicity risks connected with synthetic insecticides, as well as their escalating prices, interest in plant-based solutions has resurfaced in recent years. Most mosquito repellents on the market today are chemical-based and hazardous to the skin and nervous system, causing rashes, swelling, eye irritation, and other health issues. The smoke from synthetic pyrethroid mosquito coils is still disliked by the majority of people. As a result, herbal insect repellents were chosen over chemical repellents. Essential oils from a variety of plant species, as well as combinations of essential oils, have been shown to be excellent mosquito and insect repellents. Plant-based repellants, which are safe and biodegradable alternatives to synthetic chemical repellants for mosquito control, have grown in popularity as a result of their accessible availability and lower negative environmental effect. As a result, efforts have been undertaken to develop innovative formulations for mosquito repellent sticks that comprise fixatives and a blend of essential oils. Azadirachta indica, Cymbopogon nardus, Eucalyptus globulus, Cymbopogon Citrullus, Cymbopogon martini, Mentha piperita, Ocimum basilicum, Rosmarinus officinalis, Syzygium aromaticum, Cinnamomum Zeylanicum, Syzygium aromaticum, Cinnamomum Zeylanicum, Rosemarinus officinalis. Filler, binder, burning agent, adhesives, odour enhancer, and other supporting substances were used to create them singly and in various combinations. When compared to other repellent essential oils, compositions including Cymbopogon citrullus, Azadiracta indica, and Eucaluptus globulus essential oils had the most promising efficacy, demonstrating 80-95 percent repellency. When compared to other formulations, the combinations containing Azadiracta indica demonstrated longer burning and repellency. The components employed in virtually all of the formulations in this study were herbal-based and environmentally safe. As a result, it has no adverse effects on inhalation. Texture, effectiveness, and stability of the same formulations were all tested. The current study shows that essential oils from medicinal plants may be used in mosquito repellent compositions.

Keywords: Low smoke herbal mosquito, different essential oils, mosquitoes control, Mosquito repellent, Herbal mosquito repellent, Herbal repellent.


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