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Abstract

A CONCEPTUAL STUDY TO UNDERSTAND THE TWENTY - FOUR AYURVEDA TREATMENT MODALITIES IN THE TREATMENT OF POISON

Santosh Kumar* and Anoop Kumar

Abstract

Poison has been polluting human and non-human forms since antiquity. Our Acharyas had given a separate place for Agadtantra that deals with the management of animate and inanimate poisoning. Since ancient time Agadtantra was so popular and important that it was given an eminent place in Astanga Ayurveda. Therefore learning about treatment of poisoning is a good way towards service to the public health. Acharya Charaka has explained twenty-four modalities of treatment which are to be employed while treating poison cases according to the need. Chaturvinshati upakramas are unique in the management of poisons. It can be seen that most of them are based on same principle of modern medicine. Chathurvinshathi upakramas is common for all types of Visha i.e., Sthaavara, Jangama, Gara, Dooshi visha etc. In most of the cases Upakramas should be selected by the physician on the basis of the type of Visha Prakriti (constitution), Saatmya (compatibility), Ritu(season), Desha (place), Vega(impulse) and Balaabala (strength and weakness of both the patient and poison). On detail study & after comparison, it was found that these 24 modalities of treatment are complete in terms of treatment of poisoning.

Keywords: Agada, Chathurvinshathi upakrama, Visha, Chikitsa.


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