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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF WHEATGRASS EXTRACT

Nikita Mahalle* and Monica Borikar

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Abstract

Wheatgrass (Triticum Aestivum Linn) is one of the most widely used health cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries. Wheat germinated over a period of 6-10 days is generally called wheatgrass, which have been used as traditional herbal medicine and is highly valued for its therapeutic and nutritional properties. The chemical compositions of the leaves are proteins, flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoids, saponins, fibers, tannins, and phenolic compounds The present study was designed to evaluate relative contribution of different phytochemicals in methanolic extracts of wheat grass. Wheatgrass leaves were collected over a specific period of nine days, and the leaves of the selected medicinal plant were washed, air dried, and then powdered. Extraction of wheatgrass was done by maceration process. Methanol is used as a solvent to obtain methanolic extract. The extract of the leaves sample was used for the phytochemical analysis to find out the phytochemical constituents in the plant. Qualitative phytochemical analysis of this plant confirms the presence of various phytochemicals like alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, terpenoids, steroids, and glycosides in their methanolic leaves extract. Spectrophotometric analysis of wheatgrass extract is done with the UV spectrophotometer to determine the absorbance of quercetin in extract, it was observed that on wavelength 320 nm gives absorbance of 0.627 shows the highest peak (λ max) on the graph.

Keywords: Wheatgrass, Triticum Aestivum Linn, Phytochemical screening, Methanolic extract.


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