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Abstract

ASSESSMENT OF PRESCRIPTION PATTERN OF MEDICATIONS AMONG PATIENTS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE-2

Sonam Dolma*, Lekshmi Jayachandran, Saphisha A. Shadap, Dr. Mahesh N. M. and Dr. Praveen Kumar

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus occurrence has increased worldwide, especially in developing countries. Prescribing pattern of antidiabetic drugs focuses on the rational use of drugs used in type-2 DM in a population. The aim of the study was to analyse the prescription pattern of anti-diabetic drugs among the in-patients with type- 2 DM. Objectives: To analyze the prescription pattern of anti-diabetic medications among the patients with type-2 DM. Method: The proposed prospective open-labelled observational study was carried out in over 150 patients admitted to Aster CMI hospital, Hebbal, Bangalore for a period of six months. Result: The study showed that among the in-patients, the rate of incidence of type-2 DM was more among males (60%) when compared to females (40%). It was more predominant in the age range of 61-70 years (52%). Hypertension was the most commonly associated comorbidity (61.3%). The prescription pattern showed that insulin therapy (60.66%) was mostly prescribed in comparison to combination therapy (53.33%) and monotherapy (50%). Among OHA, metformin (28%) was most commonly prescribed as monotherapy. Combination therapy of metformin+glimepiride (29.33%) was mostly prescribed. Conclusion: The study results revealed higher percentage of injectables and polypharmacy as most of the patients had various comorbidities along with type-2 DM. The prescription pattern of all medication were in compliance with WHO core prescribing indicators in most of the cases.

Keywords: DM- diabetes mellitus, IP- in-patients, OHA- oral hypoglycaemic agents, WHO- World Health Organisation.


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