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Abstract

HYPERTENSION - KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, PRACTICE AND EVALUATION OF PRESCRIPTION PATTERNS OF ANTIHYPERTENSIVE DRUGS IN ASTER CMI HOSPITAL, BANGALORE

Kamal B.*, Megha Kunhikandiyil, Rhiya S. pillai, Dr. Christeena Saji and Dr. Renoy Philip

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Abstract

The proposed prospective observational study on Hypertension - knowledge, attitude, and practice and evaluation of prescription patterns of antihypertensive drugs was performed with 150 patients at Aster CMI Hospital, Bangalore for a period of 6 months. Knowledge Attitude Practice analysis was conducted among the 150 patients through well prepared questionnaire. Of 150 prescriptions enrolled, males (104) were predominant than females (46). Hypertension is more prevalent in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus. The present study results showed that there are 9 pure hypertensive patients, 97 patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus and 44 patients with hypertension and other co morbidities. 126 prescriptions were prescribed with monotherapy (84%) where Beta Blockers are the most commonly prescribed class followed by Calcium Channel Blockers, Angiotensin Receptor Blocker’s and Diuretics whereas 24 prescriptions prescribed with combination therapy (16%) in which loop diuretics + potassium sparing diuretics and Angiotensin Receptor Blocker’s + thaizide diuretics were most commonly prescribed. Patients relatively had moderate awareness, knowledge, attitude and practice about their disease.

Keywords: Hypertension, 8th Joint National Committee, Antihypertensive Medications, Monotherapy.


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