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Abstract

A REVIEW ON UROLITHIASIS WITH ITS SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT

Somashekar B. M.*, Niranjan R., Saritha Kotagiri and Dr. Arul Selvam A.

Abstract

Urolithiasis is a common problem of various centuries with high recurrence. The present review is an attempt to share various treatment used in urolithiasis with their mechanism of action. Urolithiasis is a common disorder expected to occur in approximately 12% of the population, with a recurrence rate of 70-81% in males, and 47-60% in females. It causes serious health problems such as severe pain, urinary tract obstruction and infection. Treatment option includes like surgical, ureteroscopy, percutaneous nephrostolithotomy (PCNL), and open or laparoscopic stone removal which are costly and painful. Many synthetic drugs used like diuretics and narcotic analgesics are being used in treatment of kidney stone but over use of synthetic drugs, which produce higher incidence of adverse drug effect, have forced humans to return to nature for safe remedies herbal treatment. This review will give the opportunities for the future research and for the development of new anti-urolithiatic compounds.

Keywords: Urolithiasis, Medicinal plants, Diuretics, Stone, Crystalline, Urine.


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