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Abstract

PROXIMATE COMPOSITION AND CALORIFIC VALUE OF SALMOSTOMA BACAILA (HAM.) IN DAH WATER RESERVOIR AT MAKHPA, MAKHDUMPUR, JEHANABAD, INDIA

F. Y. Peyami*

Abstract

The present study deals with proximate composition and calorific value of Salmostoma bacaila (Ham.) with respect to body length, weight and season in Dah water reservoir. The mean percentage of moisture, Proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and ash content were observed 75.86 ± 0.225%, 16.32 ± 0.218%, 4.98 ±0.186%, 0.708 ± 0.155% and 2.12 ± 0.148 % respectively. The moisture content showed inverse relationship with respect to body size and body weight which were 83.85±0.156 % in small size fishes (body weight 1.00 ± 0.250 g and standard length 3.0 ± 0.110 cm) and 70.0±0.280 % in large size fishes (body weight 11.50 ± 0.210 g and standard length11.0 ± 0.210 cm). The lipid content were directly proportional to body size and weight which showed maxima 7.75± 0.190 % and minima 1.46± 0.210 % in large and small size fish specimens respectively. The proteins, carbohydrates and ash content were varied 13.0± 0.156 % to 18.52 ± 0.365 %, 0.45±0.112 % to 0.92±0.83 % and 1.24±0.106 % to2.81 ± 0.160 % in small and large size fish specimens respectively. The calorific value showed slight seasonal variations which showed maxima in winter season (5.4 Kcal/g) and minima during monsoon (5.26 Kcal/g). The more amount of calorific value during winter was noticed due to more accumulation of fat at the expenditure of moisture.

Keywords: Salmostoma bacaila; Dah water; Calorific value; Proteins.


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