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Abstract

AN INVITRO CROSS-CORRELATION STUDY OF APPLE CIDER VINEGAR AND MORINDA CITRIFOLIA AS EFFECTIVE ALTERNATIVE ANTIMICROBIAL HERBAL IRRIGANTS AGAINST ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS

Dr. Raji Viola Solomon*, Dr. Chavva Lakshmi Charan Reddy, Dr. Pallavi T. and Dr. Mallarapu Sathyanvesh

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the antimicrobial efficacy of commercially available herbal agents -Apple cider vinegar, Morinda citrifolia with the gold standard sodium hypochlorite against Enterococcus faecalis when used as root canal irrigants for disinfection of root canal system. Methodology: Fresh strains of E. faecalis were cultured. The antimicrobial efficacy of apple cider vinegar, Morinda citrifolia and Sodium hypochlorite against the strains of E. faecalis were assessed individually using antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Group A control group (E. faecalis + saline), group B (E. faecalis + NaOCl), group C (E. faecalis + Morinda citrifolia), and group D (E. faecalis + apple cider vinegar). Brain heart infusion agar was prepared for a subculture to check the viability of the microbial species. Results: The efficacy of apple cider vinegar against E. faecalis was comparable to that of sodium hypochlorite (5.25%). Morinda citrifolia showed inhibitory action against E. faecalis, but it has a lower inhibitory effect than NaOCl and apple cider vinegar, the least efficacy was seen in the normal saline group. Clinical Relevance: “Nature itself is the best Physician” - In order to achieve proper microbial control of infected root canal flora significant research on the properties and mechanism of action of various antimicrobial solutions have been extensively researched. Though the adequacy & potency of chemical disinfectants have been proven, there is an earnest search among researches for more safer, less harsh, non-chemical natural herbal alternatives. This invitro cross-correlation analysis highlights the potency of two popular herbal disinfecting solutions namely apple cider vinegar and Morinda citrifolia in eliminating E. faecalis strains from radicular dentin, thereby substituting natural phytates over harmful chemical regimens for disinfection of the root canal system.

Keywords: E. faecalis, 5.25% NaOCl, Morinda citrifolia, Apple cider vinegar.


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