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Abstract

A CONCISE STUDY ON MICROSCOPICALLY, PHOTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOGNOSTICAL PROFILE OF BAUHINIA VARIEGATE LINN (ROOT)

Padmani Shukla, Rakesh Kumar, Riya Mathur*, Rashmi Singh, Sakshi Sagar, Akanksha and Shatrughana Chaudhary

Abstract

The present study deals with the megascopic and microscopical studies of angiospermous tree Linn., stem. Some distinct and totally different characters were ascertained with section of stem. The anatomy of the stem was studied by taking transversal section. Periderm and cortex were seen distinctly. Secondary vascular tissue was wide and continuous cylindrical, it consisted of skinny and slender straight rays, 3 or four cylinders of discontinuous lots of fibres and every which way distributed sieve elements. Secondary vascular tissue was diffuse porous and it enclosed vessels, fibres, xylem rays and xylem parenchyma. Vascular tissue fibres had thick hard walls or some had jellylike walls. Vascular tissue parenchyma cells were bumper within the xylem. vascular tissue rays were one cell wide; they were straight and consisted of radially elongated thick walled hard walls. Calcium-oxalate crystals are preponderantly prismatic crystals and druses type. Powder microscopical examination showed presence of fibres, parenchymatous cells, periderm and vessel elements. Histochemical analysis of stem showed presence of protein, tannin, polymer and cellulose. Chemical science parameters and preliminary phytochemical studies of the stem powder were conjointly carried out. this study on pharmacognostical investigation of angiospermous tree L., stem could be helpful to supplement info in respect to its identification parameters assumed considerably in the manner of satisfactoriness of seasoning medication in gift situation lacking restrictive laws to regulate quality of herbal drug.

Keywords: Angiospermous, periderm, microscopial, phytochemical, pharmacogonistical.


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