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Abstract

FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF UV PROTECTING SERUM FROM WHEATGRASS EXTRACT

Nikita Mahalle* and Monica Borikar

Abstract

Ultraviolet radiations have shorter wavelengths and can reach the earth‟s surface through penetrating clouds. UV-A rays lead to aging while UV-B rays cause burning of the skin. Sunscreens protect the skin from harmful effects of sun including appearance of erythema, premature photo-ageing and facilitate to diminish the manifestation of facial red veins and blotchiness. It has been reported that sunscreening serum have beneficial effects in reducing the incidence of skin disorders (sunburn, skin aging, and immune suppression) through their ability to absorb, reflect, and scatter. Many commercial products have recently been manufactured from not only usual organic and inorganic UV filters, but also hybrid and botanical ingredients using typical formulations (serums, emulsion, gel, aerosol, and stick). The objective of this study was to formulate and evaluate UV protecting serum from wheatgrass extract with high sun protection factor (SPF). Wheatgrass is having UV-protection, anti-microbial, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. Extraction was done with maceration method. Xanthan gum is used as gelling agent. One optimal serum base was selected from several preliminary bases. Incorporation of wheatgrass extract with five different concentrations in final base named as F1, F2, F3, F4, F5. Prepared formulation was subjected to various evaluation tests which includes stability studies (Color, odor, pH), homogeneity, spreadability, UV protection, SPF.

Keywords: Serum, UV protection, Ultraviolet rays, Wheatgrass.


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