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Abstract

A CONCEPTUAL STUDY ON ATYAYIK CHIKITSA IN AGADA TANTRA W.S.R. TO EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

Dr. Anurag Mishra* and Dr. Kavita tiwari

Abstract

Emergency is a condition requiring immediate treatment where the patient with this is either conscious or unconscious. It is not true to say that ayurvedic texts are not having description of emergency management. Ancient Acharyas have used various terms like sadhya, Ashu and Twarita in emergency condition where quick management is needed. The aim of this study is to critically and extensively review the classical concepts of emergency management in Agada Tantra. The information on the emergency conditions in visha pidita purusha (patients of poisoning) was collected from the ancient Ayurvedic classics, viz. Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, Astanga Samgraha and Astanga Hridaya. The informations were compiled and the concepts were thoroughly studied to find out the similarities and dissimilarities among the concepts of emergency conditions due to exposure to the poison and elaborately described the signs and symptoms of the condition and gave guidelines for diagnosis. The procedures like Anjana, Nasya, Dhuma, Siratadana, etc. are mentioned as treatment of the situation by all the Acharyas. A good number of drugs for Anjana, Nasya and Dhuma are mentioned by the Acharyas which are potent and strong to cause stimulation of the nervous system. Mritasanjivana is a unique procedure advised by the Acharyas to apply at the terminal stage of the patient which is not described in detail. From the present study, it can be concluded that the ancient Ayurvedic Acharyas were aware of the serious and emergency situations that may arise due to poisoning. They knew the procedures of diagnosis of such situations and also developed a module for treatment. It can be assumed that these modules of treatment showed satisfactory results. Extensive study and research with multidisciplinary effort are prayed.

Keywords: Agada Tantra, Anjana, Emergency Management, Mritasanjivana, Nasya, Visha Pidita Purusha.


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