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Abstract

PROTECTIVE FACTORS AND FREQUENCY OF SUICIDAL IDEATIONS IN HOSPITALIZED DEPRESSED PATIENTS AT BMCH/BIPBS HOSPITAL BALOCHISTAN: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

Sikandar Azeem Panezai*, Mujeeb Ullah Khan Doutani, Abdul Ghfoor, Bilal Masood, Hazrat Ali and Aisha Siddiqa

Abstract

Introduction: Suicide is a worldwide health concern. According to World health organization (WHO), over eight lacks or more then people die by suicide every year. Suicide is among the ten leading causes of death and the second most common cause of death in young people. Objective: To determine the frequency and protective factors of suicidal ideations in hospitalized depressed patients. Study Design & Place of study: This Cross sectional study was conducted at Bolan Medical Complex Hospital/BIPBS, Quetta, Patients aged from 18 to 65 of male and female gender admitted in indoor patients ward due to depression were enrolled by using non probability consecutive sampling technique. Methods: The present study was conducted form 01st August 2020 to 31st August 2021 after approval of hospital ethical committee and using suicidal ideation performa. Results: In this study total two hundred thirty patients were included with mean age of 34.6±13.4 years. Mean suicidal ideation score was 21.1±9.3. There were 48.7% males and 51.3% female patients. Suicidal ideation was present in 22.6% patients. Most common protective factor was religious and moral objections in 37.4% patients followed by fear of social disapproval in 17.4%, hopefulness and fear of suicide in 15.7% each and responsibility towards family was present in 13.9% patients. Conclusions: While addressing suicidal ideation and suicide prevention, clinicians should first consider the management of depressive symptomatology and the improvement of coping strategies. Suicidal ideation is quite common in patients suffering from depression and religious and moral objections are most common protective factors.

Keywords: Protective factors, Suicide, Depression.


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